RED JOS

UNIVERSITY OF WESTERN SYDNEY NEPEAN
FACULTY OF NURSING AND HEALTH STUDIES

MASTER OF HEALTH SCIENCE (HIV STUDIES)

INVESTIGATIVE REPORT

AIDS AND THE TRADE UNIONS:
A CASE STUDY OF THE AUSTRALIAN LIQUOR, HOSPITALITY AND MISCELLANEOUS WORKERS UNION 1981-1995

E.J. (MANNIE) DE SAXE


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DECLARATION


I hereby declare that this Investigative Report is my own work, except where appropriate acknowledgments have been made in the text. This work has not been submitted for a higher degree at any other institution.

[Student Number: 93566908]

DEDICATION


This investigative report is dedicated to Kendall Lovett, without whose constant support and encouragement it would never have been completed, and to Alison Johnston, who insisted that it would have more to it than initially would have seemed possible, and encouraged me through all the darker periods.

Also, specially for Jon Eylward, [6 October 1957 - 17 November 1992] (aged 35), who showed me what AIDS was about after the workplace, and for Terry Muldoon, [1952 to 22 July 1995] (aged 43), a great trade unionist to the end, who was interested in the progress of this report.

The report is also dedicated to all those, both trade unionists and non-trade unionists, who have died of AIDS since the virus was first reported in Australia



ACKNOWLEDGMENTS


I wish to acknowledge the contributions to the production of this investigative report of the following people:

Adam Raffel

Kerry Bernasconi

Frank Raffaeli

Colleen Kelly

Staff of the State Library of New South Wales

Staff of the Mitchell Library

Staff of the University of Western Sydney Nepean Library

Staff of the NSW Teachers' Federation Library

and all the others, not specifically mentioned above, who helped and encouraged me over the period during which the data were gathered and the report written.

And, finally, when my printer reached the end of its useful life, Janine De Saxe and Bruce Tulloch who came to my rescue by transferring the whole document onto a disk compatible with modern technology and printing out the whole document. To them, many thanks and much gratitude for their eleventh hour assistance in the face of disaster.


CONTENTS


Declaration
i

Dedication
ii

Acknowledgments
iii

Abbreviations
vi

Abstract
viii



CHAPTER 1: INTRODUCTION
1

1.1 A Personal Introductory Insight
1

1.2 Purposes of the Study
1

1.3 Approach to the Study
2

1.4 Defining "Policy"
3

1.5 AIDS Policy in Australia
9

1.6 Australian Trade Unions and AIDS Policy
10

CHAPTER 2: REVIEWING THE LITERATURE
12

2.1 Introduction
12

2.2 The Literature Review
12

CHAPTER 3: THE AUSTRALIAN LIQUOR, HOSPITALITY AND MISCELLANEOUS WORKERS UNION (LHMU)
29

3.1 A Short History of the Australian Liquor, Hospitality and Miscellaneous Workers Union
29

CHAPTER 4: METHOD OF INVESTIGATION
36

CHAPTER 5: FINDINGS
38

5.1 Introduction
38

5.2 A Chronology of Policy Evolution
38

CHAPTER 6: DISCUSSION, CONCLUSIONS AND IMPLICATIONS
83

6.1 Introduction
83

6.2 Interpretation of the Graph Peaks
84

6.3 General Discussion and Conclusions
87

6.4 Implications
89

REFERENCES
91

APPENDICES
94

ABBREVIATIONS


ACON
AIDS Council of New South Wales

ACTU
Australian Council of Trade Unions

ADB
Anti-Discrimination Board (of New South Wales)

AFAO
Australian Federation of AIDS Organisations

AIDS
Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome

AIRC
Australian Industrial Relations Commission

ANCA
Australian National Council on AIDS

APSA
Australian Public Service Association\

CAPE
Commonwealth AIDS Prevention and Education Program

CAWISE
Commonwealth AIDS Workforce Information, Standards and Exchange Program

COHSE
(UK) Confederation of Health Service Employees

FMWU
Federated Miscellaneous Workers Union

HIV
Human Immunodeficiency Virus

IGCA
Inter-governmental Committee on AIDS

LHMU
Australian Liquor, Hospitality and Miscellaneous Workers Union

LTU
Federated Liquor and Allied Industries Employees Union

MMWR
Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report

MWU
Miscellaneous Workers' Union

NACAIDS
National Advisory Council on AIDS

NALGO
(UK) National Association of Local Government Organisations

NAWU
North Australian Workers' Union

NHMRC
National Health and Medical Research Council

NSWNA
New South Wales Nurses' Association

NUPE
(UK) National Union of Public Employees

PKIU
Printing and Kindred Industries Union

SPSF
State Public Services Federation

TUC (UK)
Trades Union Council

TUTA
Trade Union Training Authority

UNISON - (UK)
Public Service Union

VTHC
Victorian Trades Hall Council



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ABSTRACT

In 1981 the first cases of what later came to be known as Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) were diagnosed in the United States of America. By 1982 Australia had its first cases of AIDS.

This report, which the literature review strongly suggests is the first study of its kind in Australia, investigates the policy approaches to AIDS in the workplace adopted by the trade union movement during the period 1981 to 1995. It does this by examining, in detail, the documented record of one union, the Australian Liquor, Hospitality and Miscellaneous Workers Union (LHMU), formerly the Federated Miscellaneous Workers Union (FMWU).

The development of an AIDS policy by the LHMU is shown to have followed initiatives taken by the Australian Council of Trade Unions (ACTU) and the Federal Government and to have been concurrent with the development of AIDS policies within the general community.

The report outlines how the LHMU developed its AIDS in the workplace policy to comply with those required for workplaces by occupational health and safety guidelines established by State and Federal authorities. The strategies used by the LHMU to educate its members about aspects of its AIDS policy are identified. These include attempts to inform workers from non-English speaking backgrounds through the provision of information leaflets translated into a wide range of community languages.

The investigation has generated two main conclusions. The first of these is that there has been a rise and fall of interest in, and involvement with, AIDS in the workplace by the LHMU over the period 1981 to 1995. This seems consistent with similar trends within the wider Australian community. Secondly, in spite of clear documentary evidence of the LHMU's early and active involvement in the AIDS debate, at both local and national levels, there is little, if any evidence of responses or feedback from rank and file members to the policy initiatives put forward by the Union's leadership.

Chapter 1
Chapter 2
Chapter 3
Chapter 4
Chapter 5
Chapter 6
References

Trade Union Issues - Part 1
Trade Union Issues - Part 2

Australian AIDS Quilt Web Site - Part 1 - Blocks 1 to 40

Australian AIDS Quilt Web Site - Part 2 - Blocks 41 to 80

Australian AIDS Quilt Web Site - Part 3 - Blocks 81 to 120

World AIDS Day Australia

World AIDS Day NSW 2007

HIV/AIDS ISSUES PART 1
HIV/AIDS ISSUES PART 2
HIV/AIDS ISSUES PART 3
HIV/AIDS ISSUES PART 4
HIV/AIDS ISSUES PART 5 (Quilt Displays)
HIV/AIDS ISSUES PART 6
SPAIDS PART 1 - SYDNEY PARK AIDS MEMORIAL GROVES HOME PAGE
SPAIDS PART 2 - SYDNEY PARK - DEVELOPMENT PLANS - SPAIDS PROMINENCE
SPAIDS PART 3 - SPAIDS SIGNAGE
SPAIDS PART 4 - PLANTING DATES
SPAIDS PART 5 - OBITUARIES
SPAIDS PART 6 - PHOTOGRAPHS
SPAIDS PART 7 - PHOTOS AFTER 10 YEARS AT THE 30TH PLANTING, 25 JULY 2004 AND INCLUDING PHOTOS TAKEN EARLIER AND LATER
SPAIDS PART 8 - NATIONAL HERITAGE LISTING APPLICATION
SPAIDS PART 9 - A PICTORIAL HISTORY - FROM INCEPTION DATE 15 MAY 1994
SPAIDS PART 10 - WORLD AIDS DAY WALKS
Photos of the Groves


Obituaries

Photos of the Groves in 2004 and a few historic comparisons


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